This guide is representative of the 16th Edition.
The Chicago Style offers two types of citation styles: the bibliography style and the reference list style.
This guide assists with the bibliography style.
Your Chicago-style research paper should have the following parts (check with your professor).
1. Chicago-style title page
2. The paper with correct margins, in-text citations, etc.
3. The Notes page(s) <--Footnotes is another option
4. The Bibliography
Regarding the Chicago style and Turabian, they are the same. Kate L. Turabian's "A Manual for Writers" is based on the Chicago style.