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Health Sciences & Nursing RN @ Melbourne Campus

Paraphrasing & Plagiarism

"How to Paraphrase in Research Papers" © Wordvice Editing Services

How to Paraphrase in Research Papers

0:00 - 0:49 What is plagiarism?

0:50 - 2:11 Paraphrase vs Quote

2:12 - 3:01 When to Paraphrase

3:02 - 6:47 How to Paraphrase

  • Language and phrasing are changed
  • Quote/paraphrase combination: Important details are in quotes
  • Plagiarized version: words changed/removed but meaning and grammar structure are identical and not quotation marks are used.

6:48 - 9:02 Paraphrase Verbs – that show your position to the content

  • Neutral position verbs – believe, argue, conclude, observe, propose, write
  • Agreement – show, demonstrate, (provide) evidence, prove, point out, confirm
  • Disagreement – neglect, overlook disregard, pay little attention to, fail to note

9:03 -10:07 Tips

  • Change the Voice - Active to passive or passive to active
  • Use a thesaurus to describe content in your own way
  • Avoid looking at the original when writing your paraphrase

10:08 – 11:06 Paraphrasing Rules

  • Must be written in your own words
  • Always include a citation
  • Use paraphrasing and quotes sparingly to support your thesis

Paraphrasing Steps Summary

  1. Read the source material until you get it.
  2. Take notes and list key terms of source material.
  3. Write your own paragraph (without looking at the source material).
  4. Check that your version captures the intent and important information.
  5. Provide in-text citation (parenthetical) citation.

"Plagiarism: How to avoid it" © Bainbridge State College